Castelo dos Sarmiento: a fifteenth-century castle situated in
the high part of the town. It served as the main bastion of the
town walls, and still bears the coat of arms of its owners over
the main door. Inside are the remains of a necropolis and the
fireplace used to heat the inside of the castle. Nearby, outside
of the walls, is the Church of the convent of San Domingos,
dating from the thirteenth to fourteenth centuries, and one of
the finest Galician ?Ogival? Churches, containing mediaeval
sarcophagi and curious carvings of angels playing bagpipes.
Inside the walls, next to the castle, is the Praza Maior or main
square, with a harmonious collection of traditional buildings
from the nineteenth century, which include the Renaissance
Torre do Concello and the Pazo dos Condes, a seventeenthcentury
mansion with the coat of arms of the Sarmiento
family on its façade, which contains the Sephardic
information centre and tourist office.
Church of Santiago: the twelfth-century building is a beautiful
example of popular Romanesque architecture, with several
doors with semi-circular arches, a rose window in the façade
and a semi-circular apse with splendid modillions. It is now a
small religious museum, with its most important works
including a seated statue of St. James from the fourteenth century,
and the Cristo da Humildade from the sixteenth century. The
neighbouring Casa do Marqués de Bahamonde contains the
Ethnological Museum (or Casa da Fundación) which includes a
large library that contains music, documents and a wide range of
ethnographic material. Close to the building, in the García
Boente square, is the splendid Casa da Inquisición from the
sixteenth century, with a late Gothic façade and five coats of
arms carved over the monumental door. Also nearby are the
church of San Xoán, a Romanesque building from the twelfth
century, and the old Hospital de Peregrinos, both of which were
under the former custody of the Order of Malta.
Church and convent of San Francisco: a beautiful Baroque
building outside the town?s walls, on the left bank of the River Avia.
San Xes de Francelos: near the town, in the wine-growing valley
of Valparaiso. From the late ninth to tenth centuries it contained
a nunnery, of which some pre-Romanesque elements are
included in the present-day church, such as a horseshoe arch
with two carvings on the side, representing scenes from the life
of Christ, and a beautiful lattice window.