The Vía Nova, constructed under the mandate of the emperor Augustus in the 1st century A.D., played a fundamental role in connecting Galicia, joining Bracara Augusta (Braga) with Asturica Augusta (Astorga). The trail leaves from the place known as Portela do Home, the former border crossing with Portugal. Using the earlier itinerary of the Vía Nova, today recovered through the state Natural Ways programme, we begin to descend almost 7 kilometres across the valley of the river Caldo, where we can see several groups of miliarios (former Roman kilometric milestone system represented by stone markers). During the last part of this descent, we recommend that you visit the longest waterfall in Galicia, the Corga da Fecha, spectacular in the winter months, as well as the Roman remains of what is known as Aquis Originis, a Roman mansion where we can see a series of arches belonging to its thermal area. We reach the place known as Riocaldo, perfect for stopping for a while and viewing the free area of outdoor baths in the surroundings of the Balneario de Lobios. The trail continues towards the village of Vilameá, where a detour to the right indicates access through a steep climb to the hermitage of Nosa Señora do Xurés. From here, we can enjoy the impressive panoramic view of Sierra de Santa Eufemia and the valley of the river Caldo. On leaving this village, we meet twelve mills restored on the banks of the river Vilaméa. In Lobios , we suggest you visit the church, as well as the Nature Reserve Interpretation Centre. From this point, we recommend a last stop at the hermitage of A Clamadoira, before reaching the end of the trail at the San Pedro Rectory in Muíños.
ruta VÍA NOVA
Portela do Home. Lobios 41º48´35.81”N / 007º58´43 09”W
altitude difference (+)
fi nish point
Casa reitoral de San Pedro.Muíños 41ª57´08.96”N / 007º58´43 09”W