Turgalicia Turismo de Galicia

Xunta de Galicia

Discover my secrets......

  • The western country...
  • Where the sea begins...
  • Humanised land...
  • Cities...
  • A millenary territory...
  • The way...
  • Tradition...
O Courel
O Caurel Mountain Range
You say: 'Galicia is very small.' And I answer, 'Galicia is a world... It may be small in size; but in depth and in substance, it is as big as you make it...Vicente Risco (1884-1963), writer
Galicia is about the same size as Belgium Massachusetts (USA) the Republic of El Salvador, Taiwan or Israel
When the bagpipes sound, an air of tradition fills the land and the hearts, an elder dictates the rites and tradition is renewed. Body to body with wild horses, or wearing ancestral masks, the festivities always begin with footwork.
The carnival is one of the major traditional festivities in the Galician calendar, which includes over 4,000 local festivals and an infinite list of pilgrimages and gastronomic festivals
Streets in Galician cities
Our grandparents came from the country. In 1900 only 10% of the population lived in cities; today, almost half of the Galician population lives in the big cities. This is the scenario of economic and cultural creativity.
The key date for the renaissance was 1863, when Rosalía de Castro published Cantares Gallegos, a book of poems that sparked a cultural and political resurgence. In the picture, a sculpture in the Royal Galician Academy
It takes its name from the ancient Roman bridge Point of departure of ships bound for European ports, at the mount of the Lerez shipowners and traders built Medieval Pontevedra. Administrative and commercial, the city cultivated the prodigy and today the stone continues to flourish under the shade of the camellias.
Illas Cies
The Cies Islands protect the Vigo estuary
Our glass was filled / with all the water in the sea / to make up a cocktail of horizons.Manuel Antonio (1900-1929), poet
The fishing catches unloaded in Galicia make up 60% of the total catches of the entire Spanish territory. The ancient Roman poet Martial sang, in Latin, the excellencies of the fish and shellfish from the "Galaic Ocean"
Santa Cruz Pazo
Galicia has 3,781 parishes, the basic population unit, which group several towns together around a church. The administration is managed by 315 town and city councils and the region is divided into 4 provinces and 53 departments.
Despite occupying only 6% of Spain's territory, Galicia contains more than half of the total number of population centres. There are currently 29,985, some of them with only one house
Beaches at Ortigueira Estuary
The Galician coastline extends over 1,498 km.
The British daily, The Guardian, designated Rodas beach, in the Cies Islands, as the best in the world
Muralla Romana
Roman Walls at Lugo
The first Roman general who came to Galicia was an ancestor of Brutus, Caesar's assassin. In 137 BC, the Galaics, the first people to present battle, gave their name to the entire castro country. Four hundred years later, the Emperor Caracalla created the province of Gallaecia (Galicia).
Lugo's Roman Walls were declared a World Heritage site in 2000. Over 2 kilometres long, they have protected the historical quarter of the city since the end of the 3rd century AD
Terra Cha
Meadows in Terra Cha
This is a landscape that we Galicians like to call "humanised landscape" -a house here, a house there- where one village or town is never too far away from the other, and the inhabited spaces are always small. In the most hidden places, briars, ancient and mysterious woods.Rosalía de Castro (1837-1885), writer
Land carpeted in all seasons with grasses and flowers; mountains covered with pines, oaks and willows; gentle breezes that blow softly; crystalline springs and rapids that joyfully overflow, summer or winter, through bucolic fields or into the deep and dark ravines. RosalÃía de Castro (1837-1885), writer
Canón do Sil
Canhão do rio Sil
Granite is the most common kind of rock found in Galicia. Its smooth, opulent and often decrepit outlines make up the large landscapes and small details […] The pazos (country houses), Roman temples and rural abodes are all made from granite.Otero Pedrayo (1888-1976). Writer
The vegetation characterises the landscape and 12% of the territory has been given over to protected natural spaces. Galicia has a National Park and six Natural Parks, as well as many other conservation areas. Forty-nine percent of Spain's timber production comes from Galician forests
Vineyards at Beade, O Ribeiro
The Galician landscape we see here was created with patience and determination, by generations and generations of Galicians with their work, and with their hands.Ramón Piñeiro (1913-1990) Writer
A wine is also the land, it is the sound of church bells in the distance, it is a fiesta and the chatter of the harvesters together with their songs. Wine is also part of a country's cultural expression..-Álvaro Cunqueiro (1911-1981) Writter.
The nymphs guard the thermal sanctuary. The Roman road crosses the Miño over a stone bridge. At the crossroads, life flourishes. Episcopal and bourgeois in the Middle Ages, provincial capital in the 19th century, today Ourense is the city that sets the trend in Galician fashion and the agri-food industry.
Santiago de Compostela
The first to flourish a hundred years before any other, the city of Santiago de Compostela rose out of a myth, a Galician saint that conquered Medieval Europe. Monumental, the kingdom's most important city, its situation and its historical entity combined to make it Galicia's capital.
A Coruña
A Coruña
Gateway to Rome on the Britannia route; Atlantic rock - almost an island - A Coruña has always sailed with the economical winds of the sea in its sails. An administrative city, a city of traders and entrepreneurs, it was here that the Fast-fashion-system that today governs the world of fashion first emerged.
Awakening from the Middle Ages in the 18th century, in the seafaring town of Ferrol the figures of the Illustration designed new streets applying criteria backed by the force of reason. From the Royal Arsenal rose the industrial city on the most protected estuary.
All roads lead to Lugo, the sacred forest in which Augustus located the Roman capital of the Galaics. The imperial wall still surrounds the streets that focus the activity of its proud agricultural horizons.
Santo André de Teixido
Against the backdrop of this wild sea, this Atlantic Ocean, we Galicians feel the whole of Europe behind us.
The highest cliffs in continental Europe, with an altitude of 620 m, are found at Santo André de Teixido, Cedeira
The scallop shell marks the way
Since the 9th century, pilgrims have travelled the paths of Europe towards Compostela. The estimated number of pilgrims in the 12th century was five hundred: in the last year of the 20th century ten million people travelled to the city.
Today, the reasons for the pilgrimage are varied and range from the spiritual to the artistic. The European Council declared the Way the First European Cultural Itinerary (1987)
All the fish know its name. On the seven seas there are always fishermen who embarked in Vigo, the European fishing capital. Industrial initiative took this Galaic-Roman village to the category of industrial metropolis of the south of the region.
Axeitos Dolmen, Ribeira
They are the first Galician monuments. Six thousand years ago, the first agricultural communities began to erect dolmens. From the sea to the mountains, they can be found in their thousands in the region, though only a few of these huge stones emerge above ground.
Drawings engraved in granite rocks. Four thousand five hundred years ago, in the Bronze Age, they left their mark in the mountains. They constitute an enigma without equal in the Iberian peninsula
Baroña Castro, Porto do Son
The castros constituted the first villages and towns. Many have disappeared under modern towns, but others still display the remains of their circular houses. They are a testimony of a civilisation that challenged Rome.
Torques are gold items of jewellery designed to be worn around the neck. They were the pride of the castro warriors and some of these pieces have been conserved in Lugo Museum
Monte Louro
Monte Louro at the mouth of the Noia and Muros estuary
The ocean's turbulence diminishes in the estuaries. In these unique geographical formations the sea penetrates the land and the land comes alive. In the twelve Galician estuaries, the landscape is always full of surprises.
The Galician word "ria" (estuary) has become an international geographical term and is used in several languages, thanks to the German geographer Von Richthofen, who proposed its use in 1886
Pórtico de la Gloria, Santiago cathedral
These were the golden centuries, during the early Middle Ages; in the Kingdom of Galicia agricultural activities increased, trade became more generalised and art flourished in the 12th century. Santiago would be the first place in Europe where polyphonic singing was heard.
The Romanesque reached its maximum expression in the Pórtico de la Gloria. Here, European art learned to smile again, after three centuries of oblivion
Musicians in the Book of Music by Alfonso X
The Middle Ages was also an era of great collective creation in Galicia, with the use of the Galician language, a Romance language, daughter of Latin, sister of Portuguese, that achieved literary maturity in the 13th century. Kings, nobles and troubadours of all kinds sang of love in the lands of Galicia and Portugal.
The Medieval Galician songs constitute one of the treasures of Europe's cultural heritage; as an example, there is this piece by the troubadour Martí­n Codax, performed by the group In itinere
Via Lactea
The Milky Way or pilgrims' way
The capital of Galicia is the only city in the world that has an astral mark. At night a string of stars mark out in the sky the path along St. James' Way, the route to the edge of the European continent.
Road for pilgrims to Santiago that goes to the Monte do Gozo Hostel. On foot or horseback, by car or plane, the pilgrims' route lives on
Façade of Obradoiro, Santiago cathedral
Historically, the purpose of the journey was to visit the tomb of St. James, one of the twelve Apostles, who according to tradition was buried in the Galician capital. The meeting up of people from all over the continent made the Way a powerful European cultural melting pot.
On special days an enormous incense burner swings to and fro between the basilica's vaulted ceilings. The church celebrates the Jacobean Holy Year when 25 July, the Apostle's feast day, falls on Sunday
Products of the Galaic Ocean
Some Galician museums conserve the shells of shellfish consumed in the castros 2,000 years ago. However, it is the combination of products from the sea and the land that creates the Atlantic Diet.
The Atlantic Diet: high consumption of fish and shellfish, leaf and other vegetables; moderate consumption of red meats, potatoes, etc., all prepared in a simple way. Since the Bayonne Declaration (2006) several scientists recommend this diet
Galician parliament in session
Galicia is going through an exceptional period in its history. Since 1981, Galicians have had a parliament and a government elected within a system of plurality that has received extensive powers from the central government.
The first Galician coat of arms was designed in England circa 1282, based on the phonetic similarity between Galice e Calice. It is preserved in the College of Arms in London
Cabo Fisterra
Located to the south of the Celtic Sea and north of the Mediterranean area, Galicia forged a culture at the crossroads of these two worlds. Here you will find an ancient Atlantic kingdom that is home to almost three million Galicians.
This is the flower of the west, a flower that grows during May and June on the steepest cliff faces on the fringes of Europe. This is the flower of the love herb (Armeria Maritima Wild) that young Galicians use in their love potions
Shipping company poster, 1910
For Galicians, Finisterre has always been the beginning. Between 1880 and 1930 alone, almost a million and a half people emigrated. This human imprint can still be felt in America: Simón Bolivar, Bernardino Ribadavia, Fidel Castro, García Márquez, Nélida Piñón and Martin Sheen are all descendants of Galicians.
Today, Galicia's presence in the world is also economic in nature: This is where the largest international fashion chain has its headquarters; automobile exports account for 12% of GDP and the region's fishing industry is the most important in Europe
Cabo Fisterra
Cape Fisterra
Bathed in the dark, mysterious light of the Atlantic ocean, on the western tip of Europe, lies a country of green landscapes that looks out over the Mar Mayor (Greater Sea) or Atlantic Ocean.
Found at Cape Ortegal, this amphibole constitutes an example of the oldest rock to be found in the Iberian peninsula. It was formed on the ocean bed 1.156 billion years ago
Regato Deza
Stream in the region of Deza
The Atlantic dictates the rules. From this ocean come the rains that keep our countryside evergreen; into this ocean Galicia's thousand rivers empty their waters and it is this ocean that brings the Gulf Stream to give us our benign climate.

My trip

A miña viaxe

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