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Mariña lucense


Mariña lucense

Sea and mountains, rivers and estuaries, meadows and beaches...

Lugo e a Terra Chá


Lugo e a Terra Chá

This is a land like no other. A Terra Cha is a vast plain, the largest in Galicia...

Hidden heritage

A Journey through Lugo: from Inland to the Coast

Terra Cha is special for many reasons: because of the particular topography and landscape that give it its name, because it is the source of Galicia's largest river, the River Miño, and because of other signs of human life that settled in over time.

In this region, we find traditions and cuisine linked to the fruits of its land and water. And, speaking of water, this route does not end here, but rather is taken from inland out to the coast of Lugo, a perfect end to this journey.


  • Starting point:  Lugo
  • Finish point: Foz
  • Days: 3
  • Km (approx): 189 Km
“The one who said clearly, River Miño,
born in Fonmiñá,
When you get there
you're a half-grown child"
"River Miño, River Miño,
pass by slowly
wake not 
my child”.
Popular folk song
“In Gaioso, looking towards Chá,
There are two upright rocks.
They really seem to be
such well-made curves.”.
Manuel María, A Terra Chá
Other information of interest...
- Fortress-Museum of San Paio Narla: 982 375 156.
Closed Mondays.

Route - Day 1

Taking advantage of the fact that our trip starts at the province's capital, we set aside the first part of the day to visit the Muralla de Lugo (Wall of Lugo), which was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2000, and is an ongoing reminder left by the city's founders.

  • Muralla Romana de Lugo

    Muralla Romana de Lugo

  • Church of Santalla de Bóveda

    Church of Santalla de Bóveda

  • Church of Santalla de Bóveda

    Church of Santalla de Bóveda

  • Church of Santalla de Bóveda

    Church of Santalla de Bóveda

  • Church of Santalla de Bóveda

    Church of Santalla de Bóveda

  • Church of Santalla de Bóveda

    Church of Santalla de Bóveda

  • Torre - Fortaleza de Friol

    Torre - Fortaleza de Friol

Enter the walled area of Lucus Augusti – the name given to this settlement by the Romans – and go up to the parapet walk, then stroll the nearly 2.3 kilometres of this wide two-thousand-year-old walkway. Walking along this Roman construction will take you back into the past, but most certainly the people walking, talking or doing sport will make you realise that the wall is more alive than ever, as it seems to be just another street in this small, charming city. If you come here at midsummer or in early October, you can mingle among the hubbub of the thousands of visitors who come to the Arde Lucus – a celebration evoking the city's Roman past – and the festivities of San Froilán, respectively.
In Lugo, you will also find the River Miño, the largest of Galicia's rivers. Later on, we'll visit its source, but first we'll discover other treasures on the outskirts of the capital of the province, where Terra Cha begins. We'll start out by going to the town of Guntín to visit the monastery of Ferreira de Pallares. With the cooling sound of the River Ferreira accompanying you, take an easy stroll to the  Puente Cabalar (Cabalar Bridge). From here, walk on to the monastery, where you'll be able to appreciate the value of this complex founded in 909 by Count Ero and Countess Laura. Pay a visit the cloister and the Taboadas' mausoleum and, outside the church, be sure to drink from the water falling onto an anthropomorphic gravestone that, by chance, has become a holy fount. Who knows…it might even have magical properties...
Also very close to the capital city of Lugo – just 14 kilometres away – we'll now find another curiosity left to us by the architecture of the past: the church of Santalla de Bóveda. This Christianised church dates from Roman times and, right in the centre of its rectangular shape, it has a small pool. This structure – unique in Western Europe – has led to different interpretations regarding its origin: a place where baths were located, a nymphaeum, or a monumental complex constructed according to the Roman rite honouring Cybele, worshipped in the Empire's capital as the great mother of the gods.
We now head north; if the weather permits, feast your eyes on the beauty of the outside of the  late-twelfth-century Romanesque church in Bacurín, and then we continue on to the Museo-fortaleza de Friol (Friol Fortress-Museum). Everyone knows that no matter how many times we visit a place, we can always see it differently and discover new secrets. You can put this huge capacity to be amazed into practice when you get inside this fourteenth-century castle, largely rebuilt a century later and turned into a museum. Most of the farm implements, armour, coaches and kitchen tools are from the sixteenth century. You will probably get tired just counting the weapons on display, and you'll be able to imagine the distress and anguish of the prisoners who were thrown through the small entrance of the pit. Just as if you were at a friend's house, don't be shy when you visit the main rooms, the kitchen with its granite oven and lareira (hearth). To finish up, when you are exhausted, climb up the tower to see some delightful views of the surroundings.
Water has made Terra Cha a very productive area and, since ancient times, communities have settled in these fertile valleys. To give thanks to the Earth goddess and the Sun god, there's no doubt that these ancestors came to the Penas de Rodas, in the municipality of Outeiro de Rei. These two large granite rocks were a prehistoric place of worship and, perhaps, also an astronomical station used to set a timetable in these fertile farming lands of the River Miño. You'll arrive at the penas after hiking the first few kilometres of an official trail. If you're still feeling energetic, you can continue on to the Miradoiro da Terra Cha viewpoint, where you will enjoy stunning views.

Since you're in Outeiro de Rei, try their delicious fried eels and take advantage of your opportunity to visit Bonxe and take away a keepsake of one of the most important ceramics factories in Galicia, along with those in Buño (A Coruña), Gundivós and Niñodaguia (Ourense). Another characteristic handicraft of this region are the birchwood clogs and, when it comes to food, one of the staples of the Galician diet: the potato. Summer is a great time to see these vast farmlands.


My trip

A miña viaxe

Preparing the trip...

Stores all necessary information to organize your trip: museums, monuments, attractions, lodgings, restaurants...

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During the trip...

Already enjoying Galicia, here you see the map of your route, save information in PDF or export your GPS locations

If you have a phone with GPS poderás see your location on the map.

After the trip

Now you're back, you write that you think what you visited, and also mark that you could not see, to not forget the next!

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