mailto:?subject=Content from Tourism of Galicia: BAIXA LIMIA-SERRA DO XURÉS&body=I recommend you read the information BAIXA LIMIA-SERRA DO XURÉS extracted from the Tourism of Galicia site on page https://www.turismo.gal/recurso/-/detalle/9607/baixa-limia-serra-do-xures?langId=en_US%26tp=1%26ctre=2
“Raia seca” landscapes
The Limia is a unique river. It has excavated a natural corridor along
which history has left its human traces. The river gathers up a mass of
water which leaps down in waterfalls and cascades, rests in successive
dams, crosses a border and finally gives up its waters to the Atlantic. In
this way the largest Natural Park in our region is united with the most
important Park in Portugal, the Peneda-Gerês National Park. Together
they form one single protected cross-border space which is unique in
This is the “raia seca”, for the border layout is not located around the
rivers but high up in the mountains: O Laboreiro, Queguas and Quinxo
in the north; Santa Eufemia, O Xurés and O Pisco, in the south. The
highest peaks are 1,500 metres high and combine the smooth forms of
the old Galician mountains with the most rugged peaks. Needles and
bolos (granite stones), which time has balanced in complicated
equilibrium, are one of the distinguishing marks of the area.
Here we will find megalithic monuments, legends of gold and evidence
of the passing of the Roman soldiers along the XVIII or Vía Nova road.
Still standing are the milestones that were left on the road that joined
the Roman capitals of Braga and Astorga through the only natural way
through these mountains, the mythical Portela do Home, border access
point to Portuguese territory.
The traditional constructions like mills, walled beehives (alvarizas),
shepherds’ cabins (chivanas), raised granaries (hórreos), ovens, roads and
walls reveal the most creative soul of its inhabitants. A heritage from the
traditions still kept alive in the dozen villages which until the present day
have kept agriculture and fishing alive in the Park. Villages like those of O
Couto Mixto, the territory which, until 1868, had a statute of privilege
independent of Spain and Portugal.
From Ourense, in the direction of Celanova
and Portugal, on the OU-540. From Xinzo de
Limia on the local OU-301 road to Bande.
Southwest of the province of Ourense,
bordering Portugal. In the municipalities of
Entrimo, Lobios and Muíños. The SCI also
carries on into the municipalities of Padrenda,
Quintela de Leirado, Verea, Bande, Calvos de
Randín and Lobeira.
29,762 hectares. SCI: 34,248.13 hectares.
Before entering the Park, the OU-540 main access road provides visitors with the opportunity to stop and look at the
historical heritage of the area. Aquis Querquernnis is a Roman site made up of a camp and a "mansio" viaria located on the
banks of the As Conchas, reservoir in the village of Bande. Close by we find the modern Interpretation Centre "Aquae
Querquennae" - Via Nova. The pre-Romanesque church of Santa Comba de Bande is also in this area. Its nave and wallpaintings
are a must for visitors.
In the Park there are routes by car which join the natural lookout points and important places, a route for horse riders and
many rambling options, some quite demanding, over all of the mountains that make up the raia.
Lobios, on the left side and Entrimo on the right, are the Park’s main towns. The offices of the Interpretation Centre are
located in the spa town of Lobios, with its thermal waters from the river Caldo. In the same town and just a few metres
away from the spa are located the Roman remains of the "mansio Aquis Originis", which is open to visitors. Along the stretch
of highway from Lobios to the border pass of Portela do Home the A Fecha waterfall, the highest in Galicia in the rainy
season, can be seen in the distance, as well as many of the Roman road milestones.
From A Terrachá, the municipal capital of Entrimo, which has an interesting church with a baroque facade, there are turnoffs
to the Queguas and O Quinxo mountains, such as the one to the village of Olelas, one of the best places to see cachena
cows. This is native to the area, small with large horns and well adapted to the harsh mountain climate, and which in
recent years has been rescued from the danger of extinction.
O Xurés has a wide range of scenery and life. It is a transitional area between the Eurosiberian flora (Atlantic) and that
of the Mediterranean, combined with altitude factors and the direction of the valleys; scrub on the peaks and forests
of oak and other species in the valley, with important riverside forest.
Here, there are packs of wolves and their prey, also mountain goats and the Galician pony or garrano, reintroduced
into the region under a programme of recuperation and reintroduction of native species.
Information and facilities
Sede do Parque
Telephone:+34 988 448 048
Centro de Interpretación do Parque Natural
Telephone:+34 988 448 048
Telephone 2:+34 988 448 181}
C. Interp. Arqueolóxica Aquae Querquennae - Via Nova