The geo-destination, Lugo e a Terra Chá, contains the municipalities of Abadín, Antas de Ulla, A Pastoriza, Baralla, Begonte, Castro de Rei, Castroverde, Cospeito, Friol, Guitiriz, Guntín, Láncara, Lugo, Meira, Monterroso, Muras, O Corgo, O Páramo, Outeiro de Rei, Palas de Rei, Pol, Rábade, Riotorto, Sarria, Vilalba and Xermade.

This is a land like no other. In contrast to the typical Galician landscape, A Terra Cha is a vast plain, the largest in Galicia. An plain of perennially green plains zigzagged by numerous rivers and lakes. Such as the River Miño which – instead of continuing to the sea – takes a detour round the city of Lugo. Perhaps to admire the Roman Wall... Or the famous tapa-eating atmosphere of the Old Town.

Here, water abounds. In elegant spas such as those in Lugo and Guitiriz, or ecologically important wetlands such as the Cospeito lagoon lagoon – where, according to legend, a city lies submerged by divine punishment – now the residence of ducks and otters.


Lugo e A Terra Cha is a geodestination boasting some of the community's most important historic and artistic relics.

The hill-fort in Viladonga, the Santa Mariña necropolis, the Roman baths and the Roman Walls of Lugo (the best-preserved Roman wall, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO), the Church of  San Salvador de Vilar de Donas, the Santa Eulalia (or Santalla) de Bóveda archaeological monument and convents such as Santa María de Meira are just some examples of the rich architectural heritage of this part of Galicia.

Other notable examples of religious architecture are the Cathedral of Santa María in Lugo, the Church of Santiago in Barbadelo, the Church of San Salvador and the Convent of the Mercedarians in Sarria, the Church of Vilabade in Castroverde, the Church of Santa María in Guntín and the Church of San Miguel de Neira in Baralla.

Entre la arquitectura fortificada se encuentran numerosos ejemplos como la Torre de Amarante en Antas de Ulla, la torre del homenaje del castillo de los Andrade en Vilalba o el torreón de la vieja fortaleza de Sarria. There are numerous examples of fortifications, including the Tower of Amarante in Antas de Ulla, the tower keep of the Castle of the Andrade in Vilalba and the keep of the old fortress de Sarria in Sarria.

Nature reserves

Within the Parga-Ladra-Támoga protected area, the wetlands complex of A Terra Cha, is the Cospeito lagoon and nearby (in Rábade) is the O Rei lagoon, two of the most important nature reserves in this geodestination with bird-watching observatories.

The Serra do Xistral – with its wild horses running free – gets its name from the cold, wet winds (call xistra in Galician) that sweep its summits. One example of the great ecological diversity characterising this territory is the Terras do Miño Biosphere Reserve, whose recreational and river activity areas make it easy to enjoy the beautiful places through which this river runs.

Festivals and gastronomy

Nature is also generous with what it produces in these predominantly agricultural and pastoral lands, with delicious foods with a Protected Geographical Indication or Designation of Origin such as the Pataca de Galicia (a special variety of potato grown in Galicia), Grelos de Galicia (Galician turnip greens), Arzúa-Ulloa Queixo and Queixo de San Simón da Costa (two typical cheeses). This latter cheese is made exclusively in the local district of this geodestination.

Among the festivals considered to be International Tourism Events in Galicia – and which one can take part in throughout the year in Terra Cha ea Lugo – are the Festa da Malla de Meira, the Festa da Filloa in Muimenta, the Festival de Pardiñas in Guitiriz, the Arde Lucus in Lugo and the Feira de Santos in Monterroso. In 2006, El San Froilán – the patron saint festivities of the province's capital – was declared to be a National Tourism Event.

HIGHLIGHT: Santalla de Bóveda

The uniqueness of the Church of Santalla de Bóveda in western Europe (located quite near the city of Lugo) has led to multiple interpretations about its original purpose: site for baths, nymphaeum or a temple dedicated to Priscillian. It was later reused for Christian purposes, dedicated to Saint Eulalia.

Given how atypical its features are, multiple theories regarding its origin have arisen. It retains the horseshoe arch considered to be the oldest existing in Spanish architecture as a structural element. Due to the quality of its structure and its impressive paintings as well as to its special features and all the controversies surroundings its history it has generated in recent decades, Santalla de Bóveda is one of the most interesting pre-Romanesque monuments that have survived to our day.

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